So, I was visiting Russia on a completely different assignment (covering a theatre festival there) but of course had to take some pics of my friends who tried to live up to all the cliches of Russian life as they greeted me with vodka, bread, and fur caps and then, later, the menstrual products I found at various stores. (Just FYI, the Always pictured in this photo costs 525 rubles which translates to about $8.25.)

Research on menstrual education and attitudes appears to be scant there but this 2016 academic study proves interesting. Most shocking to me were the answers that gynecologists there gave regarding tampons. Researchers write that they analyzed in depth responses by 20 of the doctors they interview and these were the results:

“The typical answers were analyzed.
1. None of the professional received any formal education on tampon usage since
during their time of education tampons were not commonly used.
2. Most doctors do not talk about tampon usage with their patients unless directly
3. Most doctors show negative personal opinion about tampons usage indicating
that tampons can be used only in emergency situations (social functions, swimming,
etc.). Moreover, all of the interviewed agreed with the statement that «tampons are
4. Doctors know that women with intact hymen can use tampons.
5. Doctors do not believe that women need to get education on tampons versus
pads usage during their visits.
6. Gynecologists believe that tampons cause micro traumas to vaginal walls and
make them susceptible to viruses, such as HIV, genital herpes, etc.
7. Doctors were also asked about the reason of lack of studies dedicated to the use
of tampons. The most common answer was: «The topic is irrelevant. There are tampons
and pads, there is nothing to research». “
Furthermore, one section looked at information regarding menstruation in some of the Muslim communities in Russia:
Screen Shot 2019-09-23 at 1.27.47 PM

Simple, right?

UNADJUSTEDNONRAW_thumb_48e4I love the Poynter Institute for all kinds of reasons–not least of them, Teachapalooza, which despite its tiresome/dated name is an amazing conference for journalism teachers–but this warmed my heart when I saw it in the Poynter Institute bathroom recently. No costly dispensers to be installed. No ensuing contracts with service providers to refill said machines. Simple, right?

Yo, Photo Editor

Screen Shot 2019-09-23 at 12.26.45 PM

Okay, so good on the U.K. for upping its game by providing free sanitary products to all primary schools.

And good on the BBC for covering the move.

But what’s up this wack stock photo? The image is wrong on so many levels. 1) It is a photo of a machine where tampons cost £1 to illustrate an article about free menstrual products. 2) It is depicting a “Super” Tampax which is, well, quite a stretch for little primary school girls many of whom are more likely opting for pads in these early days. 3) Wow, some serious product placement going on here.

I’m going to go out on a limb here and wager that this photo editor is male, gave this story two seconds thought, and told his (male) intern to pull some ancient stock footage without even reading the article. Just a guess.

For an interesting piece on New York State’s free tampons in schools and how the costs will likely play out, see Bridget Crawford’s 2018 article on Feminist Law Professors.


Periods Gone Public


Jennifer Weiss-Wolf believes to have a truly equal society, menstrual products must be readily available and affordable to all.

Here’s an essay and sort of review I wrote for the Washington Post of Jennifer Weiss-Wolf’s new book “Periods Gone Public.”

Weiss-Wolf argues that menstrual equity is a gateway issue (gateway plug?) for feminists. “In order to have a fully equitable and participatory society,” she writes, “we must have laws and policies that ensure menstrual products are safe and affordable and available for those who need them.”

Weiss-Wolf, a lawyer who works at the Brennan Center for Justice, is the force behind the fight to eliminate a sales tax on tampons. She has also drawn attention to the plight of homeless women, girls in developing countries and female inmates, all of whom have difficulty getting the menstrual products they need.

Weiss-Wolf contends that the tampon tax amounts to a “pink tax” on women. Some states that charge sales tax exclude necessities such as food and medicine. Tampons and pads, by comparsion, are taxed 4 to 10 percent. Thanks in part to Weiss-Wolf’s efforts, 13 states have scrapped the sales tax on tampons, and legislatures in many other states are weighing similar action.

 Weiss-Wolf has joined with other activists in advocating for better Food and Drug Administration oversight of menstrual products. For instance, manufacturers are not required to list components on packages. While they must record “adverse events” related to product use, Weiss-Wolf points out that since “they don’t have to share internal studies or research with anyone outside the FDA, we’ve got no recourse for getting a second opinion.”

“Periods Gone Public” catalogues almost everything on the menstrual landscape, making the book an invaluable resource, if not a riveting read. However, Weiss-Wolf stumbles in places. Her discussion of efforts to provide disposable products to women in developing countries overlooks some environmental concerns and the blatant market-driven motivations behind some social entrepreneurs. And her embrace of a movement that she believes will improve the workplace ignores some scary implications. The Red School movement offers what it thinks is a visionary approach to menstruation. In this brave new work world, Weiss-Wolf writes that employees would be “offered an opportunity to chart their cycles” and “assess its impact on work habits and best practices.” She suggests that this knowledge, including insights like “I am lethargic and irritable for two days before my period,” could “provide guidance for customizing scheduling and assignments.”

In July 2016, Fast Company wrote about one office that is already doing that. Thinx, the maker of “period panties for modern women,” posts menstrual charts indicating where each employee is in her cycle. “Coworkers are aware when a team member is experiencing premenstrual tension or is likely to have cramps,” reporter Elizabeth Segran wrote. “In an ideal situation, they can be more sympathetic to one another. They believe that this approach actually makes everyone more productive.”

Weiss-Wolf describes this as “menstrutopia.” I see it rather as a menstrual dystopia of “Handmaid’s Tale” proportions, where women are reduced to the sum of their publicly chronicled cycles, hemmed in by predictive notions about their efficacy in the workplace at any given time, their emotional fortitude and their fluctuating value in the marketplace based on the state of their hormones.

Dicey science has long been used to evaluate women’s abilities in the workplace. During World War II, the government created instructional films for members of the Women’s Army Corps and female workers that cited scientific evidence that periods are “no excuse for absenteeism and self-coddling.” Postwar studies purported to show a woman’s infectiveness during her menstrual cycles. As recently as 1995, when the nation debated women in combat, then-House Speaker Newt Gingrich alluded to the dangers of menstruation and warned about a female soldier’s life in a combat ditch, saying that “females have biological problems staying in a ditch for thirty days because they get infections and they don’t have upper body strength.”

Many programs to foster menstrual awareness in the workplace and elsewhere are driven by the corporate world. Weiss-Wolf casts many small, innovative start-ups in the developing and developed world as allies in the battle to eliminate the stigma and shame associated with monthly bleeding. And large companies such as Procter & Gamble and Johnson & Johnson are seeking major inroads in the developing world. I have little faith in hitching the menstrual wagon to corporate stars in hopes that they will drive an enlightened movement.

“As long as you’re promoting products, you’re not addressing the stigma of menstruation — you’re helping menstruators hide their menstruation more efficiently,” says Christina Bobel, an associate professor of women’s and gender studies at the University of Massachusetts and president of the Society for Menstrual Cycle Research.

Fortunately, despite its flaws, “Periods Gone Public” is a rich picture of the current menstrual landscape — and a promising call to smart activism.

Taking a Stand for Menstrual Equality

By Jennifer Weiss-Wolf Arcade. 308 pp. $24.99